Santa Cruz Biotechnology offers conjugated and unconjugated monoclonal primary antibodies directed against most proteins involved in cell signaling. Cellular signal transduction typically begins with a receptor-ligand interaction, followed by an intracellular signal cascade, and resulting in a physical response. The potential responses are varied and specifically suited for the condition to which the cell must respond. The resulting cellular response is determined by the expression and activity of the intracellular signaling intermediates.
Most of our popular antibodies are also available as ImmunoCruz® Conjugates, including AC, HRP, PE, FITC, Alexa Fluor® 488, 546, 594, 647, 680, and 790 conjugates for direct Western Blotting and Staining applications, eliminating the need for a secondary antibody. Additional conjugates are also available for many antibodies, including Biotin, TRITC, PE-Cy5, PE-Cy7, APC, APC-Cy7, Alexa Fluor® 405, PerCP and PerCP-Cy5.5.