Chaetocin CAS: 28097-03-2
MF: C30H28N6O6S4
MW: 696.84
A lysine-specific histone methyltransferase inhibitor.

Chaetocin (CAS 28097-03-2)

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同义词: Methyltransferase inhibitor
应用; A lysine-specific histone methyltransferase inhibitor
CAS号码: 28097-03-2
纯度: ≥98%
分子量: 696.84
分子式: C30H28N6O6S4
* 参考分析证明 大量特定数据 (包括水 含量).
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Chaetocin, a natural product originally produced by Chaetomium species, is shown to have apoptotic effects on some cancer cells. Mechanistic studies show that chaetocin is taken up in the cells by a process that requires intact/unreduced disulfides for uptake. Once inside, this compound imposes oxidative stress and consequent apoptosis induction. Other studies have shown chaetocin to reduce lysine-specific histone methyltransferase effects of SUV39H, which play a key role in maintaining stable gene expression patterns during embryonic development and cellular differentiation. Additionally, this agent is reported to cause profound chromatin reorganization in fibroblast nuclei by inducing chromatin condensation/clustering. Consequentially, chaetocin impairs Trx (thioredoxin) systems, which are essential for deoxynucleotide synthesis and involved in a broad range of cellular functions. Chaetocin is an inhibitor of G9a, SUV39H1 and TrxR1.


参考文献

1. Greiner, Dorothea., et al., 2005. Identification of a specific inhibitor of the histone methyltransferase SU(VAR)3-9. Nature chemical biology. 1(3): 143-5. PMID: 16408017
2. Isham, Crescent R., et al., 2007. Chaetocin: a promising new antimyeloma agent with in vitro and in vivo activity mediated via imposition of oxidative stress. Blood. 109(6): 2579-88. PMID: 17090648
3. Illner, Doris., et al., 2010. Remodeling of nuclear architecture by the thiodioxoxpiperazine metabolite chaetocin. Experimental cell research. 316(10): 1662-80. PMID: 20302859

物理状态 :
Solid
来源于 :
Chaetomium
溶解度 :
Soluble in DMSO (~25 mg/ml), and ethanol (25 mg/ml).
保存 :
Store at -20° C
密度 :
~1.9 g/cm3 (Predicted)
折射率 :
n20D 1.93
IC50 :
HeLa cells: IC50 = 0.05 µg/ml; HMT SU(VAR)3-9: IC50 = 0.6 µm (Drosophila melanogaster); ortholog: IC50 = 0.8 µm (human); HMT SU(VAR)3-9 : IC50 = 0.8 µm; G9a: IC50 = 2.5 µm; DIM5: IC50 = 3 µm; Lys9-HMTs: IC50 = >90 µm
仅供科研使用。不可用于诊断或治疗。
德国水公害等级 :
3
RTECS :
FM3032000
PubChem CID :
11657687
MDL 号码 :
MFCD00133163
SMILES :
CN1C(=O)[[email protected]@]23C[[email protected]]4([[email protected]@H](N2C(=O)[[email protected]@]1(SS3)CO)NC5=CC=CC=C54)[[email protected]]67C[[email protected]]89C(=O)N([[email protected]](C(=O)N8[[email protected]]6NC1=CC=CC=C71)(SS9)CO)C

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PMID: # 27141211  Rombo, R. et al. 2016. German medical science : GMS e-journal. 14: Doc04.

PMID: # 27924221  Liu, L. et al. 2016. Cell Discov. 2: 16036.

PMID: # 27467759  Das, S. et al. 2016. PLoS ONE. 11: e0160022.

PMID: # 31811153  Nat Commun. 10: 5594.

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