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Octopamine hydrochloride is an invertebrate biogenic amine neurotransmitter, related to noradrenalin, that is an adrenoceptor (AR) agonist. Octopamine hydrochloride stimulates lipolysis in mammalian adipocytes via activation of β3-AR receptors. Has dual effect on glucose transport in adipocytes: inhibits transport via β3-AR receptor activation but stimulates transport when oxidised by MAO. Also activates human α2A-AR receptors, inhibiting subsequent cAMP production.
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