Linolenic acid ethyl ester (LAEE) is a neutral, more lipophilic form of the free acid that can be used as an exogenous source of α-linolenic acid (ALA). Linolenic acid ethyl ester increases cyclin E expression and Cdk2 activity, as well as extracellular-signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) activity.
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