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Ambroxol hydrochloride is a small molecule expectorant and mucolytic agent with antioxidant and antiinflammatory effects. Ambroxol stimulates the secretion of surfactant which decreases mucus adhesion to the bronchial lining and produces expectorant effects. The antioxidant effects of Ambroxol are well demonstrated, where lipid peroxidation initiated by t-butyl hydroperoxide or doxorubicin is suppressed in the presence Ambroxol, and scavenging of hydroxyl radicals and cellular superoxide radical anions is also observed. Ambroxol produces antiinflammatory effects by blocking the expression of proinflammatory messengers, inhibiting the release of histamine from mast cells and the generation of cytokines and interleukins. Ambroxol hydrochloride is an inhibitor of Sodium Channel Protein.
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