2-cyano-Pyrimidine is a cathepsin K inhibitor whose basic structure and subsequent derivatives are under study for the treatment of osteoperosis. Cathepsin K is a lysosomal cysteine protease found in osteoclasts. Elevated activity of this protease has been linked to the formation of osteoporosis and arthritis.
1 Altmann, E., Aichholz, R., Betschart, C., et al. 2-cyano-pyrimidines: A new chemotype for inhibitors of the cysteine protease cathepsin K. J Med Chem 50(4) 591-594 (2007). 2 Carroll, J., Smith, N., Babson, A.L. A colorimetric serum glucose determination using hexokinase and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase. Biochem Med 4 171-180 (1970).
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