4-Methylumbelliferyl-β-D-glucopyranoside CAS: 18997-57-4
MF: C16H18O8
MW: 338.32
A fluorogenic substrate for β-glucosidase.

4-Methylumbelliferyl-β-D-glucopyranoside (CAS 18997-57-4)

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Alternative Namen: 4-MU-β-D-Glc; 4-Methylumbelliferyl-β-D-glucoside
Anwendungen 4-Methylumbelliferyl-β-D-glucopyranoside is a fluorogenic substrate for β-glucosidase
CAS Nummer: 18997-57-4
Molekulargewicht: 338.32
Summenformel: C16H18O8
Ausschließlich für Forschungszwecke. Nicht Geeignet für Verwendung in Diagnostik oder Therapie.
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4-Methylumbelliferyl-β-D-glucopyranoside (4-MU-β-D-Glc) is a sensitive fluorogenic substrate for β-glucosidase and β-glucocerebrosidase (also known as glucosylceramidase) yielding a blue fluorescent solution. Employed in the detection of beta-glucosidase as an indicator of Enterococci. 4-MU-β-D-Glc has been extensively used in work on Gaucher's disease, a lipid storage disease characterized by the accumulation of glucocerebroside due to a genetic deficiency of a β-glucosidase, glucosylceramidase. A test for Gaucher's disease, has been reported whereby 4-MU-β-D-Glc is hydrolyzed by glucosylceramidase in the presence of sodium taurocholate, which suppresses the activity of other β-glucosidases. Hydrolysis of 4-MU-β-D-Glc releases the fluorescent product 4-MU, which has an emission maximum at 445-454 nm. The excitation maximum for 4-MU is pH-dependent: 330, 370, and 385 nm at pH 4.6, 7.4, and 10.4, respectively. 4-Methylumbelliferyl-β- D-glucopyranoside and other fluorogenic substrates have been used to compare normal acid hydrolase activity with that of patients with various forms of mucopolysaccharidoses and in a study of four acid hydrolases in human kidney and urine. The use of 4-MU-β-D-Glc has also been reported in a rapid method for identifying bacterial enzymes.


Literaturhinweise

1. K.J. Panosian, S.C. Edberg, Rapid identification of Streptococcus bovis by using combination constitutive enzyme substrate hydrolyses. J. Clin. Microbiol. 1989, 27, 1719. 2. M. Manafi, et. al., Comparison of rapid methods using fluorogenic-chromogenic assays for detecting Candida albicans. Lett. Appl. Microbiol. 1994, 18, 47. 3. P. Kampfer, et al ., Glycosidase profiles of members of the family Enterobacteriaceae. J. Clin. Microbiol. 1991, 29, 2877.

Gebrauch :
4-Methylumbelliferyl-β- D-glucopyranoside is soluble in organic solvents such as DMSO (1 mg/ml) and N,N-dimethylformamide (5 mg/ml), yielding a clear, colorless to faint yellow solution. For enzyme assays, it is dissolved at 5 mM (1.7 mg/ml) in water or 0.2 M sodium citrate-phosphate buffer.

It is recommended that 4-Methylumbelliferyl-β- D-glucopyranoside solutions are prepared fresh daily and stored in the refrigerator until needed. 4-Methylumbelliferyl-β- D-glucopyranoside has been found to decompose overnight at room temperature.
Erscheinung :
Powder
Aggregatzustand :
Solid
Löslichkeit :
Soluble in DMSO, DMF, ethanol, and 2-propanol. Insoluble in ether.
LAGERUNG: :
Store at -20° C
Schmelztemperatur :
210° C
Sidepunkt :
~626.9° C at 760 mmHg (Predicted)
Dichte :
~1.5 g/cm3 (Predicted)
Brechungsindex :
n20D 1.64 (Predicted)
Ki-Daten :
CA XII: Ki= 54 nM (human); CA IX: Ki= 370 nM (human); CA I: Ki= 1 µM (human)
Durchflusszytometrie :
λex 316 nm; λem 372 nm (pH 9.1). λex 360 nm; λem 449 nm (Reaction product)
pK Werte :
pKa: 12.73 (Predicted)
Ausschließlich für Forschungszwecke. Nicht Geeignet für Verwendung in Diagnostik oder Therapie.
Deutsche WGK :
3
PubChem CID :
119835
MDL-Nummer :
MFCD00063694
EC-Nummer :
242-736-7
Beilstein-Registernummer :
94672
SMILES :
CC1=CC(=O)OC2=C1C=CC(=C2)OC3C(C(C(C(O3)CO)O)O)O

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