Viomellein isolated from Aspergillus sulphureus is a gram-positive genotoxic mycotoxin shown to have antibacterial and insecticidal activity. A type of fungal quinone, Viomellein might play a causal role in mycotoxic porcine nephropathy, however these metabolites have not been encountered as natural contaminants of feed-stuffs.
1. Hald, B., Christensen, D H., Krogh, P., 1983. Natural occurrence of the mycotoxin viomellein in barley and the associated quinone-producing penicillia. Applied and environmental microbiology. 46(6): 1311-7. PMID: 6660870
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