PMA (Phorbol-12-Myristate-13-Acetate) is a diester of phorbol and is a tumor promoting compound extracted from croton oil. It is a reversible, highly potent protein kinase C (PKC) activator in vitro and in vivo at nM concentrations. PMA's effects on PKC are attributed to its similarity to diacylgylerol, a natural activator of PKC. PMA activates Ca2+-ATPase and potentiates forskolin-induced cAMP formation. It has been shown to inhibit apoptosis induced by the Fas antigen, but PMA induces apoptosis in HL-60 promyelocytic leukemia cells.
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See how others have used PMA. Click on the entry to view the PubMed entry .
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