Magnolol is isomeric to honokiol (sc-202653). Magnolol is an anxiolytic, anti-thrombotic and antibacterial. . Inhibitor of nitric oxide (NO) and TNF-α production in LPS-activated macrophages by the suppression of inducible nitric oxide synthase(iNOS; NOS II) expression (IC50 = 16.8 μM). Magnolol is an activator of CB2 and CB1.
Pharmacological properties of Magnolol and Honokiol extracted from Magnolia officinalis: Central depressant effects: K. Watanabe, et al.; Planta Med. 49, 103 (1983) Identification of magnolol and honokiol as anxiolytic agents in extracts of saiboku-to, an oriental herbal medicine: Y. Maruyama, et al.; J. Nat. Prod. 61, 135 (1998) Inhibitors of nitric oxide synthesis and TNF-alpha expression from Magnolia obovata in activated macrophages: H.J. Son, et al.; Planta Med. 66, 469 (2000) Down-modulation of Bcl-XL, release of cytochrome c and sequential activation of caspases during honokiol-induced apoptosis in human squamous lung cancer CH27 cells: S.E. Yang, et al.; Biochem. Pharmacol. 63, 1641 (2002) Honokiol, a small molecular weight natural product, inhibits angiogenesis in vitro and tumor growth in vivo: X. Bai, et al.; J. Biol. Chem. 278, 35501 (2003) Honokiol potentiates apoptosis, suppresses osteoclastogenesis, and inhibits invasion through modulation of nuclear factor-kappaB activation pathway: K.S. Ahn, et al.; Mol. Cancer Res. 4, 621 (2006) Magnolol and honokiol: inhibitors against mouse passive cutaneous anaphylaxis reaction and scratching behaviors: S.J. Han, et al.; Biol. Pharm. Bull. 30, 2201 (2007) Anti-inflammatory effect of honokiol is mediated by PI3K/Akt pathway suppression: B.H. Kim & J.Y. Cho; Acta Pharmacol. Sin. 29, 113 (2008) Honokiol is a potent scavenger of superoxide and peroxyl radicals: S. Dikalov, et al.; Biochem. Pharmacol. 76, 589 (2008)
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