Every item is shipped based on the best shipping method assessed for the temperature requirements of that specific item. Items are grouped and shipped together whenever
possible, and a separate shipping charge will be included for each shipping method required. Shipping charges listed below are from our US warehouses to the Contiguous US,
Alaska, Hawaii, Canada and Puerto Rico. Shipping charges for countries outside the US and Canada will be determined once order has been received
Please note: We can not ship to PO boxes
Express Blue Ice
Express Dry Ice
Animal Health Prescription Item
SHIPPING METHODS & CHARGES
Ships via FedEx Ground to Contiguous US, Alaska, Canada, Monday through Friday. This method is used for less temperature sensitive items such as lab ware and animal
health products, bulky and/or heavy items
Labware ships FedEx Ground free of charge to the contiguous US
IL-31 is a T cell cytokine that is preferentially produced by T helper type 2 cells. IL-31 signals through a heterodimeric receptor composed of the IL-31 receptor (IL-31R) and the oncostatin M receptor (OSM). This receptor complex recruits JAK1, JAK2, Stat1, Stat3 and Stat5 signaling pathways, as well as the PI3 kinase/AKT cascade. SHP-2 and Shc adapter molecules are also recruited and contribute to an increased activation of the MAP kinase pathway in response to IL-31. Overexpression of IL-31 in mice results in pruritus and skin dermatitis resembling human atopic dermatitis (AD). Comparisons between skin from patients with AD and healthy skin showed IL-31R expression at higher levels on epidermal keratinocytes in AD samples. Infiltrating cells, more numerous in skin from patients with AD compared with that of healthy individuals, expressed IL-31 mRNA. IL-31 may participate in the cause of itch sensation and promote scratching behavior in NC/Nga mice with atopic dermatitis, and may represent a novel target for antipruritic drug development.
For Research Use Only. Not Intended for Diagnostic or Therapeutic Use.
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Rated 3 out of
Produced good immunoperoxidase cytoplasmicProduced good immunoperoxidase cytoplasmic and membrane staining in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded human spleen tissue. -SCBT QC
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