Chloroform A relatively unreactive common laboratory solvent

Chloroform (CAS 67-66-3)

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Synonym: Trichloromethane; Methylidyne trichloride
Application: A relatively unreactive common laboratory solvent
CAS Number: 67-66-3
Purity: ≥98%
Molecular Weight: 119.38
Molecular Formula: CHCl3
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* Refer to Certificate of Analysis for lot specific data (including water content).
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Chloroform is a common laboratory reagent favored for use as a solvent due to the compounds relative unreactivity and miscibility with most organic compounds. Chloroform is also used in organic synthesis as a source for CCl2. In the swine tracheal smooth muscle, chloroform has been demonstrated to directly and in a concentration dependent manner induce contractions. It has been observed that Chloroform can release Ca2+ from ryanodine sensitive receptors in chloroform-induced contraction in swine tracheal smooth muscle. At concentrations of 100 and 250 ppm in mouse splenocyte, basal proliferation was increased yet a decrease in circulating neutrophils was documented.


References

1. Lin, Y.R., et al. 2002. Toxicol. Appl. Pharmacol. 183: 146-151. PMID: 12387754
2. Auttachoat, W., et al. 2009. Drug Chem Toxicol. 32: 77-87. PMID: 19514942

Physical State :
Liquid
Storage :
Store at room temperature
Melting Point :
-63° C (lit.)
Boiling Point :
60.5-61.5° C (lit.)
Density :
1.49 g/mL at 25° C (lit.)
For Research Use Only. Not Intended for Diagnostic or Therapeutic Use.
RTECS :
FS9100000
Transport :
Regional sales restrictions may apply.
PubChem CID :
6212
MDL Number :
MFCD00000826
EC Number :
200-663-8
Beilstein Registry :
1731042
SMILES :
ClC(Cl)Cl

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