Caffeine is a CNS stimulant that blocks Adenosine A1-R and Adenosine A2A-R. Caffeine is also a cAMP phosphodiesterase inhibitor. Caffeine interferes with the uptake and storage of Ca2+ by the sarcoplasmic reticulum in skeletal muscle and prevents apoptosis and cell cycle effects induced by various chemicals. Caffeine inhibits cellular DNA repair mechanism and displays anti-inflammatory properties. Caffeine is found in tea leaves, coffee beans, cocoa beans, matε leaves, guarana paste and kola nuts.
See how others have used Caffeine. Click on the entry to view the PubMed entry .
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